What are the 8 rules for commas?


Commas (Eight Basic Uses)

  • Use a comma to separate independent clauses. …
  • Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. …
  • Use a comma between all items in a series. …
  • Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses. …
  • Use a comma to set off appositives. …
  • Use a comma to indicate direct address. …
  • Use commas to set off direct quotations.

Simply so Should I put comma before and? The word and is a conjunction, and when a conjunction joins two independent clauses, you should use a comma with it. The proper place for the comma is before the conjunction. … Therefore, we need a comma before and. Don’t use a comma before and when one of the clauses it’s connecting is a dependent clause.

Do commas always go after because? Because is a subordinating conjunction, which means that it connects a subordinate clause to an independent clause; good style dictates that there should be no comma between these two clauses. … There should generally be no comma between the two.

also How do you teach commas? Comma Usage

  1. Use commas to separate items in a series. …
  2. Use commas after introductory words or mild interjections. …
  3. Use commas to set off words of direct address. …
  4. Use commas to set off one or more words that interrupt the flow of a sentence.

What is clause give an example?

A clause is a group of words that contains a verb (and usually other components too). A clause may form part of a sentence or it may be a complete sentence in itself. For example: He was eating a bacon sandwich. [clause]

Do you put a comma before and when listing three things? Should you add a comma before and in a list of three or more items? Yes, because it eliminates confusion in a sentence. The comma before the word and in a list of three or more things is the Oxford comma. It’s also called the Serial comma.

Does the comma go before or after however?

Use a semi-colon (;) before and a comma (,) after however when you are using it to write a compound sentence. If ‘however’ is used to begin a sentence, it must be followed by a comma, and what appears after the comma must be a complete sentence. However, there was no need to repeat the data entry.

When can you use a comma after and? If, for example, the word ‘and’ precedes a clause beginning ‘although’, you usually put a comma after it and, if it precedes a conditional clause, you normally insert a comma as well.

How do you introduce a comma to a child?

What are the 4 types of commas? There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas.

How do you teach a comma to a child?

Comma Rules

  1. Use commas for items in a series of three or more items. …
  2. Use a comma to separate the two independent clauses in a compound sentence. …
  3. Use a comma when you are speaking to a person or a group of people. …
  4. Use a comma after an introductory word or phrase.

What is the difference between sentence & clause? Clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a predicate. Sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought.

What are subordinating conjunctions?

A conjunction is a word, or words, used to connect two clauses together. … A subordinating conjunction is simply the word/words that is used to join a subordinating clause to another clause or sentence.

What are the 3 types of clauses?

There are three basic forms of clause that can be used in a sentence, these include a main/ independent clause, subordinate clause, the adjective clause and the noun clause. While the independent clause could be used by itself as a complete sentence, the subordinate clause could not.

When listing items Where do commas go? When making a list, commas are the most common way to separate one list item from the next. The final two items in the list are usually separated by “and” or “or”, which should be preceeded by a comma. Amongst editors this final comma in a list is known as the “Oxford Comma”.

When listing 3 things where do the commas go? Commas should be used when three or more items in a series are listed. A comma should be placed between each of the three items (it is also acceptable to leave out the comma between the second-to-last item and the last item in the series). Items in the series may consist of a word, clause, or phrase.

Does a blank blank need a comma?

The construction “from blank to blank” does not, by necessity, take a comma — a fact that a lot of writers miss.

Is there a comma before if? A comma before “if” is necessary when it comes after an introductory remark at the beginning of a sentence. … However, a pre-comma would be incorrect when “if” introduces a subordinate clause after the main clause, as well as when it functions as a noun.

Is there a comma before since?

We usually put a comma before since after the main clause: … We often use as and since clauses at the beginning of the sentence. We use a comma after the as- or since- clause: Since everything can be done from home with computers and telephones, there’s no need to dress up for work any more.

What is a comma Grade 4? A comma is a punctuation mark that separates items in a list and marks the divisions within sentences.

How do you use commas in 4th grade?

What is a comma for grade 2? 2) Use commas to separate two clauses in a sentence. James spends his time doing homework, while Martha prefers to practice piano. 3) Commas set off transition words or the name of a person being addressed directly.

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